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The Orton-Gillingham techniques have been in use since the
1930's and have been proven with thousands of students around the
world. These techniques are taught in small number of public school
systems today, and then usually within special education classes. An
intensive, sequential phonics-based system teaches the basics
of word formation before whole meanings. The method accommodates
and utilizes the three learning modalities, or pathways,
through which people learn -- visual, auditory and kinesthetic.
The Orton-Gillingham method teaches TO a student's strengths while
seeking to improve his or her weaknesses. The International
Dyslexia Association (formerly The Orton Dyslexia Society) is an
international organization which focuses on the issues associated with
curriculum includes the eight essential instructional elements needed
to successfully teach students with dyslexia as outlined in
publications of The International Dyslexia Association (formerly The
Society). These elements are:
- Multisensory: Instruction involves immediate,
intensive, and continuous interaction between what the student is
seeing, hearing, and feeling in the speech mechanisms and the writing
hand. All the language elements taught are reinforced by having the
student listen, speak, read and write.
In LTK the student uses a mouse, microphone
and keyboard to learn newly taught phonograms and to spell and write
letters, words, and sounds from dictation.
Alphabetic/Phonetic: Sound-symbol associations along with
linguistic rules and generalizations are introduced in a linguistically
logical, understandable order. The essence of the phonetic approach
is to make letter-to-sound correlations as simple and comprehensive as
- Synthetic/Analytic: The student is taught how to
blend sounds together.
When using LTK, the student hears the sounds
pronounced while seeing the letters move together to make familiar
LTK teaches the student how to segment words into separate speech
before beginning to spell. Drills which require placing the sound and
filling in the blanks allows the student to apply the process to many
Structured: The student learns one sound association, linguistic
rule, or nonphonetic word and practices using it with previously taught
material before learning the next language concept.
In LTK, each new piece of the language
taught is specifically reviewed multiple times through drills and
practice. If confusions occur later in another context, additional
is provided. LTK divides the linguistic rules into separate lesson
and provides practice and correction routines for each lesson activity.
- Sequenced: Linguistic concepts are
taught in a sequence which will minimize potentially confusing elements.
The LTK curriculum is organized to separate
commonly confused linguistic elements.
logic and order of LTK's curriculum was determined by Orton-Gilligham
experts who based their training in the Orton-Gillingham method. Their
combined experience exceeds over 50 years in using this method to teach
students of all ages and to train teachers.
- Cumulative: The student should be
asked to use each newly introduced element while reinforcing
others that have been taught. LTK's quizzes test all of the
linguistic information previously taught. Student scores typically
indicate 90 to 100 percent mastery within the quizzes.
- Repetitive: The concepts are repeated until the
student gains mastery.
The program provides 10 repetitions within
each lesson activity and measures student mastery. If a mastery level
of 80 percent is achieved, the student automatically progresses
the next lesson activity. If not achieved, additional sets of
are provided and achievement of 80 percent mastery is again determined.
- Cognitive: The student should understand the
"linguistic logic" underlying word formations and patterns and be able
to demonstrate that understanding while writing words.
During the introductory and review portions
of the lessons, LTK explains rules and generalizations both verbally
and with on-screen demonstrations.
Rocky Mountain Learning Systems
5769 IPM Dr.
Parker, CO 80134
Toll Free 1-877-444-8808